In this article provided by Edvog.com you will learn the basics of the Italian language by studying the alphabet, the numbers 1-1000 and some common greetings. The examples and videos we provide for this Italian lesson will make the learning process fast and easy.
The Italian Alphabet
The Italian language has an alphabet composed of 21 letters, the same letters found in the English except: j, k, w, x, y (the 5 missing letters can be found in foreign words). In the table below you will find the Italian alphabet and how to pronounce individual Italian letters.
|Letter (Pronunciation)||Letter (Pronunciation)|
|A (a) |
|N (enne) |
In Italian language you will find 5 vowels (a, e, i, o, u) with 7 different sounds (each of the letters 'e' and 'o' have two different sounds), when you will find more than one vowel in a word, you will have to pronounce them separately.
Italian Pronunciation Guide
Start learning how to pronounce Italian words and avoid mistakes made by beginners with our basic pronunciation guide. In the table below you will be able to study and learn how to pronounce the individual letters in Italian words.
|A||like a in faster|
|B||like b in boy|
|C||- before i or e, like ch in chin |
- otherwise like c in cat
|D||like d in dog|
|E||- like e in bed |
- like the sound eh or ay in say
|F||the same as in English|
|G||like g in gold|
|H||is always silent|
|I||like ee in see|
|L||like l in live|
|M||the same as in English|
|N||the same as in English|
|O||like the sound oh or like o in top|
|P||like p in pick|
|Q||the same as in English|
|R||the same as in English|
|S||- between vowels like z in zoo |
- otherwise like s in smile
|T||the same as in English|
|U||like oo in moon|
|V||like v in voice|
|Z||like ts in bits|
Italian Numbers 1-1000
Now, you will learn the numbers and how to count in Italian with pronunciation tips. First, let's learn how Italians are calling the number zero. In Italian zero is called zero and the pronunciation is ze-roh. In the table below you will learn the numbers from 1 to 30 in Italian.
Counting in Italian - Italian Numbers 31 to 99
Numbers in Italian from 31 to 99 are formed according to the following pattern: tensunits. e.g: trentasette (thirty-seven), cinquantaquattro (fifty-four), ottantadue (eighty-two). The most important thing to remember from this second table are the names of the tens. Note! The numbers ending in uno (one) and otto (eight) follow a different pattern: the last letter of the tens is cut from the word (trent
auno => trentuno). All the exact tens from 40 to 90 end in '-anta'. Since you already know the numbers from 1 to 30, this second table will start from 31.
Counting in Italian - Italian Numbers 100 to 1000+
If you want to form hundreds or thousands in the Italian language all you have to do is to glue the number of hundreds or thousands with the word cento or mila. The word mila is the plural form of the word mille, cento has no plural form.
Mathematics in Italian
Here, you will find some of the most used words in mathematics translated in Italian:
Italian Greetings and Introductions
Below you will learn basic greetings, introductions and common expressions useful when you want to greet or to start a conversation in Italian. In almost all the lessons provided by Edvog.com you will find pronunciation tips, examples and videos. Only this way we think the learning process is faster and easier for all the learners. What do you think about our lessons? Leave us a message through our contact page.
Now, let's learn how to say Hello, Goodbye, Thank you and You’re welcome in Italian. The greetings and goodbyes found below are used formal and / or informal.
|Hello / Hi||Salve||salvay|
|Hello / Hi||Ciao||ciaooh|
|Good night||Buona notte||bownah no-te|
|A warm welcome||Un caloroso benvenuto||oon caloh-roh-zo behnveh-noo-toh|
|Goodbye / Bye||Ciao||ciaooh|
|Goodbye / Bye||Addio||addio|
|Goodbye / Bye||Arrivederci||arrivedehrci|
|See you soon||A presto||ah prestoh|
How are you? in Italian - Ask & respond
Sometimes asking a question like How are you? is a way of saying Hello!, the same pleasantries are found between Italian speakers.
|How's it going?||Come va?||ko-meh vah|
|How are you?||Come stai?||ko-meh stah-ee|
|How are you?||Come sta? (formal)||ko-meh stah|
There are many possible responses to give when someone asks you How are you?, below we have listed some of the most popular answers translated in Italian.
|I'm fine, thank you.||Bene, grazie.||beh-neh, grahtseeay|
|Very well, thank you.||Molto bene, grazie.||mohl-toh beh-neh, grahtseeay|
|I'm so-so||Così così.||cohsi cohsi|
|Not well||Va male.||vah mah-leh|
After you answer, it is customary to ask how the other person is doing. You can do this easily by saying E tu? (And you?) if is a casual meeting or E Lei? (And you?) if you want to be formal.
How to make introductions in Italian
Meeting and greeting often requires introductions and knowing the proper way to make introductions in a particular language can help you make a good first impression.
|What is your name?||Qual è il tuo nome?||kuahl eh eel towh nomeh|
|What is your last name?||Qual è il tuo cognome?||kuahl eh eel towh co-neo-may|
|My name is...||Il mio nome è...||eel mee-oh nomeh eh|
|Glad to meet you||Felice di conoscerti||feh-lee-ceh dee coh-noh-shehr-tee|
|Nice to meet you||Piacere di conoscerti||peeah-cehreh dee coh-noh-shehr-tee|
|Can you help me?||Mi puoi aiutare?||mee poy ah-yoo-tah-ray|
|yes ; no||sì ; no||see ; noh|
|I do not understand||Non capisco||nohn kapee-scoh|
|I do not speak Italian||Non parlo italiano||nohn par-loh ita-lee-anoh|
|I do not speak well Italian||Io non parlo bene italiano||yoh nohn par-loh beh-neh ita-lee-anoh|
How to apologize in Italian
Below you will study some common Italian expressions of forgiveness useful for situations like squeezing through crowds, to more serious situations where a personal apology is necessary.
|Excuse me||Mi scusi||mee skoo-zee|
|Excuse me||Scusi / Scusa||skoo-zee / skoo-zah|
|I apologize||Mi scuso||mee skoo-zoh|
|I owe you an apology||Ti devo delle scuse||tee deh-voh deh-leh skoo-zeh|
|Please||Per favore||per fah-voreh|
|Please accept my apology||Per favore accetta le mie scuse||per fah-voreh aceh-tah leh mee-eh skoo-zeh|
Important! Because some Italian sounds are not found in English we have tried to come up with something that sounds similar, for this reason the pronunciation tips from above are simply informational and does not offer any guarantee.
Related articles on Edvog.com:
Telling Time in Italian
Days of the Week, Months and Seasons in Italian
Colors in Italian
Food and Drink in Italian
Fruits and Vegetables in Italian
Italian Travel Phrases - Italian Travel Vocabulary
Learn Basic French: Alphabet, Numbers 1-1000, Greetings
Learn Basic German: Alphabet, Numbers 1-1000, Greetings
Learn Basic Italian: Alphabet, Numbers 1-1000, Greetings
Learn Basic Spanish: Alphabet, Numbers 1-1000, Greetings